I would like to add a small personal observation to this. I am married to a doctor. When she was training, which was before the Working Time Directive came into force, there were occasions when she went on shift at 9 AM on Friday, and came off shift at 5 PM on Monday. The shift was, in other words, 80 hours long and covered four days and three nights. She was, of course, provided with a room to stay in at the hospital during the course of the shift but on occassion got less than three hours sleep a night on each night she was there. As she puts it, at the end of that period she was hysterical with tiredness, and quite unable to make effective decisions.
Is that the sort of doctor Johnson and Gove want to recreate?
It takes many thousands of hours to train a doctor. Doing so at 40 hours a week means they will be trained at about the age they’re able to retire.