Much more about North American thrift stores than the British charity shops. But I just thought it was a good piece of writing.
The Japanese are famous for their savings and investments. But middle-income families can only save because they don’t pay enough tax for officials in Tokyo to provide basic services. Every year the Japanese government runs a 10% budget deficit, such that its accumulated debt is worth almost 250% of GDP.
The Japanese government considers that Japan suffers from a deficiency of aggregate demand. As do all sorts of other people like Paul Krugman, the IMF, OECD and so on. The solution to which is a Keynesian boosting of said demand. By government spending more than it taxes and borrowing the difference.
In what is supposedly an economics column a certain Mr. Inman tells Observer readers that in reality the Japanese government shouldn’t be doing that at all. It should, instead, be running a balanced budget and should thus raise taxes.
Just like he hasn’t been saying about the British economy this past decade.
Do these people just never bother to connect the dots?
The rest of the column is worse of course. It’s the starting gun in the argument that we’re all saving too much therefore the government should tax our wealth off us. The Spud will love it meaning all rational people will hate it.
Britain’s biggest 100 businesses collected and paid £82.3bn in taxes this year, up from £80.5bn in 2015 and the highest level ever.
The firms paid £23.7bn directly, according to figures from PwC, and collected £58.6bn in the form of charges such as PAYE income tax and VAT.
The so called “direct” taxes are not incident upon the firms either. All taxes lead to the wallets of some live human beings getting picked. Simply because there’s only us humans here to pay taxes.
Just as Ritchie continues his illiterate screeds about how “companies” should pay MOAR TAX we must continue to point out that those direct taxes are incident upon investors and workers, not the company.
We all know that the ex-music teacher doesn’t know a rabbit’s fart about economics. But it’s fun enough to see him mobilising the masses, getting the would be Wolfie Smiths all orgasmic at overthrowing The Man. And then he descends into something actually dangerous:
The free-market economic model, combined with a globalised labour market, has produced a kind of reverse industrialisation.
because the entire economic system is geared to distributing the proceeds of globalisation upwards and its costs downwards.
the response of policymakers has been to prescribe simply more of the things that caused it: more free markets and more globalisation.
Carney is the first person with significant power in the western world to say that the medicine cannot work. It delivers slow growth, stagnating wages, falling productivity and rising inequality.
Call it what you will, it would no longer be globalisation as we know it, and it would reverse 30 years of free market labour reforms.
So in a situation where global growth is stagnant, providing your own population with decent jobs means attracting them from somewhere else.
That, in turn, will mean enacting a controlled, limited and reluctant step back from freemarket globalisation.
A new kind of capitalism, whose aim is to put the cheap labour exploiter out of business and promote high wages, will provoke howls of indignation from the economics profession and the asset-rich classes of the West. They revelled in the race to the bottom, as long as they got the upside of it. To unleash technology and revive productivity will take a big and careful rethink, above all about what redistribution policies work best in a highly complex and individualised consumer economy.
The flaccid little cunt.
Look, saying you’re going to tax me a little more, or a lot more, in order to raise the booze allowance on the dole is tiresome but not actually dangerous, even if you get to enact it it’s just tiresome, not dangerous. Shouting that there should be more investment, stronger unions, blah, blah, blah.
But you go messing with free market globalisation and you’re being dangerous. And we will look for you, we will find you, and we will kill you.
Because it is that free market globalisation which is bringing industrialisation to those peasant economies out there. Which, in turn, is what is lifting the tail end of humanity out of peasant destitution. As Branko Milanovic has pointed out the people who have really benefited from this process are the global poor. Which is why the past few decades of this free market globalisation have led to the largest fall in poverty in the history of our entire species.
Now the suggestion is that we, here in one of the richest countries in the world, where just the fucking dole (and it is just the fucking dole too, this is without any other benefit like housing, kiddies, whatever) puts you into the top 25% of global incomes, we should prevent, stop, reverse, this process just because there’re people working at hand car washes?
Fuck you Mason and the ideology you rode in on.
And if you really do try to slow down this free market globalisation thing I really will hunt you down. Jeebus man, the best thing that’s ever happened in the global economy and you want to stop it?
Problem gambling costs the UK up to £1.2bn a year, according to a report that its authors say should serve as a “wakeup call” to the government.
Gambling, whether problematic or not, costs the UK entirely and absolutely nothing at all. It’s just money circulating around between different people.
The IPPR said the largest costs were racked up in the health service and the welfare and criminal justice systems, which even the report’s most conservative estimates pitched at £260m.
Those are costs to the government of the UK. And amazingly enough, the government is not the country nor the economy.
“Dirty fuel” has earned the name because it is imported diesel with sulphur levels as high as 3,000 parts per million when the European maximum is 10ppm. To be clear, “African quality” fuel, is fuel not fit for European humans. Racism has always been about the sanctioning of exploitation. How else can one justify one nation siphoning the wealth of another thousands of miles away if not by believing “those people” are inferior and thus “deserving” of servitude?
It’s cheap. Which is why Nigeria uses it, because Nigeria is a poor country.
Dear Lord, not everyone in Nigeria has the equivalent of a two up two down either, nor three squares. That’s not racism, that’s poverty.
Outside was panic. Barely a couple of hours after Donald Trump had been declared the next president of the United States and even the political columnists, those sleek interlocutors of power, were in shock. At the National Gallery in London, however, one of the few thinkers to have anticipated Trump’s rise was ready to see some paintings. Over from Germany for a few days of lectures, Wolfgang Streeck had an afternoon spare – and we both wanted to see the Beyond Caravaggio exhibition.
Nothing in his work prepares you for meeting Streeck (pronounced Stray-k). Professionally, he is the political economist barking last orders for our way of life, and warning of the “dark ages” ahead.
Streek is a sociologist, not an economist.
The Bank of England governor told us this week there has been a “lost decade” of wage growth. But is the truth really a lot worse than that?
By chance it was the same week my 90-year-old father decided to show me his carefully filed tax returns from the 1960s (yes, that’s what counts for fun in the Collinson household). In 1963-64 his pay as an accounts clerk in London was £1,357 a year. In today’s money that equals a little over £25,000 a year once inflation is taken into account.
In some ways that £25,000 doesn’t look so great. After all, someone working in a similar role with his level of experience at the time might expect £35,000-£40,000 today. But then look at what an income of £25,000 bought in 1963 in London.
You don’t compare incomes over time by looking at inflation. You look at incomes. Depending upon how you do it £1,357 then is £48-60k now. Which, agreed, is no great fortune in London but it’s not £25k in today’s money either, is it?
His granddaughter now works in the same city, London, for the same pay, £25,000. But what does an income of £25,000 buy you in 2016?
Well, actually, it buys you a basket of goods worth exactly the same as £1,357 bought you in 1963. Because that’s how we work out what the inflation rate is you gigantic, enormous, mong.
Population Growth and Carbon Emissions
Gregory Casey, Oded Galor
I have more than a suspicion they’ve got this the wrong way around.
They’re claiming that lower population growth increases GDP per capita. Thus, let’s do population control.
But we know very well that rising GDP per capita cuts fertility rates…..
We all know there’s been a catastrophic fall in manufacturing in the UK. Everyone to the left of Attila the Hun has been telling us so for four decades now.
Manufacturing output in the three months to October was 5.7% below its level when the economy nosedived into recession in the first quarter of 2008.
Somewhere around 2006/2008, was when UK manufacturing output was at its, inflation adjusted, peak output.
Myself I tend not to think that 6% off the highest ever is best described as a collapse.
… but not this week, because I spent much of it in Havana … It’s hard not to strongly approve of capitalism and free markets, for all of their flaws when left unchecked, after you see people excitedly queueing to buy tomatoes on one of the world’s most fertile islands.
What was Castro’s proudest accomplishment? Did he talk about anything in particular?
“Chica,” said Mr Hernandez, with a laugh, “Fidel was into everything.
“Agricultural reform. Housing. Workers. Unpicking the problems of capitalism – the inequality. I always think that Fidel saw the problems of the modern world coming, and worked to stop them.
“I can only tell you what I saw. And that was that he was involved in every detail.”
A nation of 11 million ruled in detail by one man. Bit Curajus State really, isn’t it?
And obviously also going to be a terrible failure. Simply because one man cannot know in detail what 11 million people want nor desire.
This is not easy given that Marxism, if it is to be a living and revolutionary method, must be
concrete. Concrete conditions must determine the approach taken to analysing and changing
reality. This is the essence of “praxis.” Guevara’s contribution in Cuba was decisive and impressive
precisely because of his capacity to devise practical policies, which were appropriate to Cuba’s
concrete conditions and operated within a Marxist theoretical framework. For Guevara, the
problem of socialist transition was how to achieve economic development with equity from a position
of underdevelopment without relying on capitalist methods that would undermine the collective
consciousness and the new social relations necessary for socialism and later communism.5
This article does not claim to present a solution to the problem of building “socialism of the
21st century,” nor to present an economic history of Venezuela or predict its future. The purpose is
to discuss the issues that were encountered through my work with the VMCE—just one state
institution among many. It is not claimed that that experience was representative; it was influenced
by the focus and political and ideological commitments of the compan˜eros (as socialists and communists)
of the VMCE. It is important to recognise that within the government, and the governing
United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela, PSUV), there are
significant conflicts and contradictions representing different political agendas and interests.
Nonetheless, given the strategic importance of the CES in the endeavour to introduce socialist
forms of production to Venezuela, there are lessons and implications that merit careful analysis.
Clearly, as my invitation confirms, Venezuelan government teams are interested in, and influenced
by, the experience of socialist transition in Cuba and Guevara’s revolutionary Marxism, so it is
important to understand what this implies for the process.6
She went to Venezuela to teach them how Guevara had aided Cuba’s development.
No, really. And she’s at the LSE….
So, sadly from the Alma Mater, we have some bint arguing that Castro’s economic performance in Cuba wasn’t half bad, given the circumstances.
Look at her first chart, of GDP.
She’s used gross GDP. Not per capita. That’s not just misleading that’s casuistry to the point of fraud. And don’t forget, those Cuban numbers are the ones Cuba itself reports.
From the same data set, here it is per capita:
And her chart again:
Just so we know where this bint is coming from:
In 2013 I spent time in Venezuela, advising a government ministry (Ministerio de Poder Popular para las Comunas y los Movimientos Sociales) on a new economic management system they were developing and gave a series of lectures and presentations about my work on Cuban & Latin American political economy.
Ecks? When’s your purge starting?
So, the OBR is telling us that Brexit blows a hole in the public finances. Some differ:
Britain’s official economic forecasts are regularly wrong and should not be taken seriously when they predict a negative impact from Brexit, according to Boris Johnson’s former economic advisor Gerard Lyons.
“The margin of error on these budget forecasts is very high. They are sensitive to economic forecasts and also, as the OBR itself has previously stated, its judgment on fiscal policy,” he said in a letter to the Daily Telegraph.
“The ‘cost of Brexit’ highlighted in the Autumn Statement will undoubtedly be wrong.”
Yes, that’s obviously true. Apart from anything else there’s spurious accuracy in there. Even if we knew all the effects and knew their size, could calculate them, there would always be uncertainty, a range for each of them, yet the final result is a point result. Just cannot really work out that way. But more than this:
Dr Lyons, who was chief economist at the global bank Standard Chartered and is now chief economic advisor to the think-tank Policy Exchange, said his own research shows Brexit should be good for the public finances.
“My detailed research shows that leaving the EU and taking a global approach produces higher growth and more employment than remaining in an unreformed EU,” he said.
“Far from a cost, Brexit is more likely to produce a significant gain.”
There’s nothing wrong with either Choate or Lyons as economists. Both are rather good ones in fact. But we’ve got an argument here not just about the size of the various effects but even the sign!
And that’s what puts paid to the little fantasies of the likes of the Spudmonster. We simply cannot plan the economy at the sort of level of detail he desires to tinker because we cannot even calculate the economy at that level of detail. Something as basic as Brexit we really don’t know whether, in macroeconomic terms in the medium term, it is positive or negative. How in buggery can we plan therefore?
Eventually the anger that cannot be assuaged through policy will be turned outwards, towards other nations. Faced with a choice between hard truths and easy lies, politicians and their supporters in the media will discover that foreign aggression is among the few options for political survival. I now believe that we will see war between the major powers within my lifetime. Which ones it will involve, and on what apparent cause, remains far from clear. But something that once seemed remote now looks probable.
A complete reframing of economic life is needed not just to suppress the existential risk that climate change presents (a risk marked by a 20°C anomaly reported in the Arctic Ocean while I was writing this article), but other existential threats as well – including war. Today’s governments, whether they are run by Trump or Obama or May or Merkel, lack the courage and imagination even to open this conversation. It is left to others to conceive of a more plausible vision than trying to magic back the good old days. The task for all those who love this world and fear for our children is to imagine a different future rather than another past.
It’s because there won’t be any jobs you see. Thus anger, fighting!
As so often, Monbiot is just not getting the point that Matt Ridley does. There will be jobs for humans as long as there are unmet desires of humans. And if all human desires are being met then who gives a shit about jobs?
What’s worse, given the political proclivities of Monbiot and the likes of Paul Mason, they’ve managed to forget the most important part of Marx. Solving the scarcity problem is the precondition for the emergence of communism. You’re all supposed to be happy about the damn robots!
Oh dear. Expert Market don’t appear to have much expertise if this is what they’ve gone and done, and nor do journalists from The Independent. Revenue divided by number of employees doesn’t tell you much: the company might be making catastrophic losses for all we know, meaning all those employees aren’t adding much value at all.
It is profit, not revenue, that is the measure of a company’s added value and therefore to work out what each employee is worth on average you’d need to divide profits by the employee headcount. Here’s what they’ve done with Shell…..
Profit is indeed the company’s added value. But the employees’ value is what they must be paid to add value plus the profit made from employing them.
If it costs £100k a year to employ Mr. Newman, and Total makes £50k a year profit per employee, then Mr. Newman must be adding £150k a year of value through his labour.
This also balances our GDP accounting. GDP is the measure of all value added in the economy. GDP is also all incomes – all incomes to both labour and capital. Thus all value added must be equal to all payments to people, whether labour or capital holders.
Hunh, tsk, these youngsters trying to invade on the turf of us old timers.
The big figure is the predicted rate of growth of the UK economy for next year, which was 2.2 per cent in the Budget in March. It could go down to about 1.3 per cent. The Treasury’s own prediction of the effect on the economy of the referendum vote, simply by denting confidence in economic prospects, turned out to be embarrassingly pessimistic, but the devaluation of the pound is bound to start to have effects next year, first on inflation but then on growth.
A falling exchange rate is contractionary upon the economy?
Now Facebook is evil because neoliberalism:
But the fact is that rather than serving this goal, Facebook’s AIs are servicing a far older and more well-established social goal, which was designed for the betterment of mankind. This is the goal of maximising value in pursuit of economic self-interest.
Neoliberal economics is based on the idea that the pursuit of individual, economic self-interest leads to the creation of greater value, which benefits society and results in the emergent betterment of mankind.
And people say that American academia isn’t crazily left wing.
From our ever popular series of Questions We Can Answer In The Guardian:
How do we fight the loudmouth politics of authoritarian populism?