This is an interesting little example of the different conceptions of freedom that are out there. On the one side we have democracy, the will of the majority as expressed through the political system (and for the moment we\’ll accept that the local council is indeed reflecting that). On the other we have the market conception of freedom, that people themselves should decide what they want to do. That is, that people should not be subject to the tyrrany of the majority:
An 11-year planning battle pitting Tesco against townspeople and featuring secret agreements, allegations of corruption and dramatic U-turns could end in victory today for the supermarket giant.
Twelve councillors will vote on whether to allow Tesco into the Norfolk town of Sheringham after the district council\’s planners urged them to accept Tesco\’s proposal for a 1,500sq metre store.
While anti-supermarket campaigners will make a final plea to councillors, the mood in the seaside town of 7,000 residents and more than 100 independent businesses – the only settlement of its size in Norfolk still without one of the big four supermarkets – was pessimistic yesterday.
On the democracy side we have people insisting that the choices of their fellow residents must be limited. In order to keep those 100 independent businesses, as they the vocal majority desire, others are not to be allowed to shop at a local Tesco\’s.
On the other side we have people moreorientated to an individual, or market, conception of freedom (like myself for example) who would look at it the other way around. Why should the desires of that majority stop the minority from expressing their own preferences? The only possible answer that I can see is that by expressing such desires, by shopping at Tesco\’s, they will be reducing th choices of the others by making those 100 independent businesses unviable.
Fine, so we have two groups each arguing for the thing that they desire and they are mutually conflicting. So a decision has to be made between the two, yes?
Well, not quite, and this is where the market vision of freedom comes into play. Instead of looking at what people say they want, or at the number of people willing to write to the council on the matter (about 8% or so of the population it seems) look at what people think that people will actually do in the future.
Will that democratic majority not shop at Tesco\’s? Tesco obviously doesn\’t think that will happen, otherwise why all this effort to build a store? But the thing is, nor do the opponents of the store. If they thought that people wouldn\’t shop there then they wouldn\’t give two figs whether Tesco wasted its money or not.
The very fact that they oppose the plan shows that they think people will shop there: they are thus using politics to deliberately limit the desires and freedoms of others. Which is why the store should be built, of course, so that individuals may make their own decisions, not be subject to such a tyranny of the majority.
One other matter: you know all these stories of the supermarket\’s land banks? If it takes 11 years just to get planning permission, don\’t you think it\’s actually entirely rational of them to have such?