Rafael Behr uses an experience from Moscow (one I know all too well) to point out the evil of ID cards. One further point:
If you are not British, if you are a Chechen or an Uzbek, or a Russian without the correct stamp indicating your right of residence in the capital, being lucky would mean getting away with paying a bribe. Being unlucky would mean a beating in the back of the police van. And a bribe.
This was at a time when the Russian Constitution actually banned the requirement to have a residence permit. Didn\’t stop anybody though.