By \”tracking\” we mean division into academic sheep and vocation goats:
Expansion of education and changes in the structure of schooling — for
instance, a shift toward later tracking — appear to have contributed to increases
in intergenerational mobility in Sweden and Finland.10 On the other
hand, in the United States and United Kingdom mobility seems to have
stagnated and possibly decreased in recent decades despite educational advance.
It\’s worth noting that both Sweden and Finland have (Finland more rigidly than Sweden) have education divided into those academic and vocational streams from 15 onwards. As we know very well, the UK abandoned this (and sure, perhaps 11 was too young to be making the distinction) and the US hasn\’t really ever had it.
But if you were interested in increasing intergenerational mobility, as so many of those who wanted to close down the grammar schools have told us over all these years, might you not at least be reconsidering, just a little bit?
Given that those social democracies, those Nordics we are all told we should be more like, have managed to increase it by doing exactly the opposite of what we did, by retaining and enforcing the tracking instead of decreasing it?