Simon Jenkins leaves this hostage to fortune in his piece on decolonialisation:
France survives without any longer owning Senegal and Pondicherry,
Overseas departments and regions
Guadeloupe (since 1946)
Martinique (since 1946)
French Guiana (since 1946)
Réunion (since 1946)
Mayotte (since 2011) 1976–2003: sui generis overseas territory; 2001–2003: with the designation departmental community; 2003–2011: Overseas community. In the 2009 Mahoran status referendum, Mahorans voted to become an overseas department in 2011, which occurred on March 31, 2011.
Main article: Overseas collectivity
The category of \”overseas collectivity\” was created by France\’s constitutional reform of 28 March 2003. Each overseas collectivity has its own statutory laws.
French Polynesia (1946–2003: overseas territory, since 2003: overseas collectivity) In 2004 it was given the designation of \”overseas country\” (French: pays d\’outre-mer), but the Constitutional Council of France has clarified that this designation did not create a new political category.
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (1976–85: overseas department, 1985–2003: sui generis overseas territory, since 2003: overseas collectivity). Despite being given the political status of \”overseas collectivity,\” Saint Pierre et Miquelon is called collectivité territoriale de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, literally \”territorial collectivity.\”
Wallis and Futuna (1961–2003: overseas territory, since 2003: overseas collectivity). It is still commonly referred to as a territoire (Territoire des îles Wallis et Futuna).
Saint Martin: In 2003, the populations of St. Martin and St. Barthélemy voted in favour of secession from Guadeloupe in order to become separate overseas collectivities of France. On February 7, 2007, the French Parliament passed a bill granting COM status to both jurisdictions. The new status took effect on 22 February 2007 when the law was published in the Journal Officiel. They remain part of the European Union, as stated in the Treaty of Lisbon.
Saint Barthélemy (see the comments immediately above).
New Caledonia was classified as an overseas territory beginning in 1946, but as a result of the 1998 Nouméa Accord, it gained a special status (statut particulier or statut original) in 1999. A New Caledonian citizenship was established, and a gradual transfer of power from the French state to New Caledonia itself was begun, to last from fifteen to twenty years.
It\’s not exactly the best argument ever that Gibraltar should should up and bigger off now, is it?