That all changed with the ensuing civil war, in which the nascent Soviet state’s enemies were backed by the czar’s former Western allies. Amid the resulting chaos and millions of casualties, the Bolsheviks finally prevailed — but at a terrible political and moral cost, including the virtual extinction of the working class that had originally made the revolution.
Terrible political and moral cost. Not to say tens of millions of deaths but, you know, hey, the Bolshies won, right?
This is an essay in the series Red Century, about the legacy and history of communism 100 years after the Russian Revolution.
I’m waiting for the NYT to run some from the series on the other aberration of 20th century politics, fascism.